Baseline Study in Jammu & Kashmir

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The study commissioned by UNICEF, New Delhi was to review the situation of children and key issues concerning child rights in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The key issues were in the context of provisions for children under several significant programmes and legislative acts adopted for the education and protection of all children drawn from National Curriculum Framework, 2005 (NCF) the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 (RTE); Scheme of Teacher Education; Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 (JJA); Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) and Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 (POCSO).


The study was expected to build a knowledge base on key indicators on child rights to improve the quality of planning and monitoring and in taking decisive action. The baseline study was conducted in two education zones in one district each of three regions namely, Budgam (Srinagar), Rajouri (Jammu) and Leh (Ladakh). The study utilised participatory approach, and quantitative and qualitative data were gathered through interviews with parents, key informants, observation checklists, focus group discussions with a cross section of community members and adolescent children.


NCIS role

• Conduct detailed situation analysis using the secondary information available with different government and non-government organisation directly concerning rights of children. This was followed by primary information collected by visiting villages and schools.

• Conduct baseline survey including developing the research design; approach; methodology and collection of data using local researchers from the three regions (districts).

• Analysis of quantitative and qualitative information to provide a) situation analysis report and b) baseline report


Coverage under Baseline Survey

  • No. of Districts: 3 (one from each region) Jammu; Kashmir; Leh
  •  Number of Villages visited: 90
  •  Number of AWCs visited (for preschool): 89
  •  Number of school visited: 90
  •  Number of HHs visited: 2,742
  •  Number of Parents interviewed: 1800
  •  Number of teachers interviewed: 360
  •  Number of FGD conducted with Adolescent children: 180 
  • Number of interviews with other stakeholders at block; district; state level: 36



Detailed in-depth understanding of the:

a) various laws; acts; provisions; entitlements and its implementation including limitations, issues and concerns about the situation of children in the state of J&K

b) Common and differing issues and concerns of children and families within the three regions of the state.