International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT) conducted a research study entitled “Assessment of Zero-Tillage (ZT) service provision in Bihar as a business opportunity” for which CIMMYT enlisted the help of New Concept Information Systems (NCIS). The survey took place in nine districts of Bihar namely: Ara, Begusarai, Buxar, Jamui, Lakhisarai, Muzaffarpur, Patna, Samastipur and Vaishali covering a sample of 376 ZT service providers. The purpose of the project for which the study was conducted was to (i) assess the economic viability of ZT service businesses, their development over time, and constraints to further business expansion; (ii) assess farmers’/service providers’ resource endowment, risk exposure, risk preferences, and risk management practices; (iii) based on (ii), identify influencing factors of engaging in ZT service provision, including influencing factors of the scale of the business; (iv) based on (ii), identify influencing factors of ZT adoption, including influencing factors of the scale of adoption; and (v) estimate the impact of ZT adoption on farm households’ income and food security status.
CIMMYT provided NCIS with basic household information about the sample i.e. the name of the village they resided in, the name of the respondent’s father etc. The enumerators collected extensive data in a Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) device, using the software Survey Be for data collection.